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GRE


GRE: The Graduate Record Examination is an aptitude test that is required by most graduate schools in the United States and some of the prestigious graduate programs in Europe. Applicants are recommended to start their preparation to GRE early on since the test is very challenging. We, at Courses By Kevin London, have prepared a highly competitive preparation course to GRE in London to assist you perform best at your test.

Структура теста GRE:

Вербальное мышление:

Понимание прочитанного, Эквивалентность предложений, Дополнение предложений, Критическое мышление

Математическое мышление:

Решение задач, Анализ данных

Анализ написанного:

Анализ аргументативного эссе и эссе-проблемы

Понимание прочитанного:

В этой секции тестируется Ваша способность читать и воспринимать тексты академической тематики. Понимание прочитанного считается наиболее устрашающей частью вербальной секции. Однако, хорошо подготовленный экзаменуемый может отлично справиться с этой секцией, так как, в отличии от всех остальных секций экзамена, правильный ответ находится в параграфе. Соответственно, знакомство с разными типами вопросов, знание классических подвохов и хорошие навыки быстрого чтения обязательно улучшат Ваши шансы справиться с этой секцией.

Разные типы вопросов:

  1. Вопросы на определение основной идеи.
  2. Вопросы на детали.
  3. Вопрос на предположение.
  4. Вопрос на использование информации.
  5. Вопрос о стиле автора.
  6. Вопрос о тоне автора.
  1. Вопросы на определение основной идеи: Такие вопросы чаще всего идут первыми в списке вопросов. В них следует определить главную мысль, которую пытался донести автор.

Language Themes:

What’s the main idea of the author? The author’s chief purpose is to…. The passage is primarily concerned with….. Which of the following best summarizes the main idea/purpose of the passage?

Strategy to answer these questions: Albeit most test-takers find these questions daunting, it is worth mentioning that “the main idea of the passage” is typically found in the first and the last sentences of the first and the last paragraphs. So, instead of aimlessly scanning through the entire passage, read the headings and the endings of the first and the last paragraphs and you are all-set.

PRACTICE QUESTION:

1. The primary purpose of the passage is to

(A) present a commonplace idea and its inaccuracies

(B) describe a situation and its potential drawbacks

(C) propose a temporary solution to a problem

(D) analyze a frequent source of disagreement

(E) explore the implications of a finding

2.Detail Questions: In these questions, you are asked to pinpoint specific details in the passage.

Language Theme:

According to the passage, “WH” questions (what, where, who, which,…) EXCEPT “why”

Strategy to answer Detail Questions: Answering these questions requires a deeper understanding of the passage since these questions may not specify the part of the passage the question is taken out of. Hence, it is advisable to read the question carefully, find its keywords and phrases, and then locate the keywords/phrases in the passage. That way, you will approach these questions with more confidence, knowing the approximate location of the answer.

PRACTICE QUESTION:

According to the passage, civil rights activists maintain that one disadvantage under which minority-owned businesses have traditionally had to labor is that they have

(A) been especially vulnerable to governmental mismanagement of the economy

(B) been denied bank loans at rates comparable to those afforded larger competitors

(C) not had sufficient opportunity to secure business created by large corporations

(D) not been able to advertise in those media that reach large numbers of potential customers

(E) not had adequate representation in the centers of government power

3. Inference Questions: Inference questions take detail questions a step deeper. These questions ask you to make a logical conclusion of a certain part of the passage.

Language Themes:

According to the passage, WHY…… What can be inferred from the information given in the passage? What does the author imply by stating…..?

Strategies to answer inference questions: Just as detail questions, it’s recommended to find the keys of the questions (the keywords the question is based upon) and then locate the keys in the passage before reading the answer choices. Note that the answer to inference questions CANNOT be a paraphrase or a copy-paste of of a part of the passage. So, steer clear of choices that tend to paraphrase a part of the passage. Also, the answer CANNOT have an extreme tone. Succinctly speaking, choices with these wording are wrong: All, always, never, only, will definitely, no.

PRACTICE QUESTION:

The author implies that a minority-owned concern that does the greater part of its business with one large corporate customer should

(A) avoid competition with larger, more established concerns by not expanding

(B) concentrate on securing even more business from that corporation

(C) try to expand its customer base to avoid becoming dependent on the corporation

(D) pass on some of the work to be done for the corporation to other minority-owned concerns

(E) use its influence with the corporation to promote subcontracting with other minority concerns

4. Application Questions: Application questions AKA the nightmares of reading comprehension are among the most complicated questions in GMAT Verbal Reasoning. These questions ask you to take the information of the reading passage further by applying it to a different field. Or, you are asked to dig far deep into the passage to predict different patterns.

Language Themes:

If the author were to write a book, what would be the best title of his new book? What is the theme of the book that the information of this passage is taken out of? Which of the following follows the same logical pattern taken by the author of the passage?

PRACTICE QUESTION:

2. The passage supplies information that would answer which of the following questions?

(A) What federal agencies have set percentage goals for the use of minority-owned businesses in public works contracts?

(B) To which government agencies must businesses awarded federal contracts report their efforts to find minority subcontractors?

(C) How widespread is the use of minority-owned concerns as “fronts” by White backers seeking to obtain subcontracts?

(D) How many more minority-owned businesses were there in 1977 than in 1972?

(E) What is one set of conditions under which a small business might find itself financially overextended?

5. Writing technique Questions: Here, you are asked to tell what technique the author uses to put details together. It is useful to familiarize yourself with common GMAT techniques stated below:

  1. Compare and contrast: The author details advantages and disadvantages of one or a few topics and s/he may make conclusions in favor of one at the end. The author, however, may leave it to the reader to make his/her own conclusions. Pay attention to contrast transitions “however, on the other land, one the other side of coin” to ascertain yourself that you are dealing with “compare and contrast” questions
  2. Chronological Order: The author provides details in the order of time
  3. State and support: An assertion is made and then several supporting details are stated to back it up.
  4. List and conclude: Several supporting details precede a conclusion to back it up.

PRACTICE QUESTION:

6. Author’s Tone Questions: To best deal with Ton Questions in GMAT, you are required to find the author’s feeling, attitude, or tone concerning some details in the passage or concerning the passage overall.

Language Themes:

  1. What is the author’s attitude concerning…..?
  2. The author treats the relationship between life and death with?

Courses By Kevin London’s strategies to Answer Tone Questions at GMAT: At our GMAT courses in London we teach that the best strategy to answer these questions is to focus primarily on the choices and the way they are worded. Tone questions cannot take extreme or emotional tones. Tone questions are among the easiest question types in GMAT since there are almost always four emotional and/or extreme choices, leaving only one answer choice with an academically appropriate tone.

PRACTICE QUESTION:

Sentence Completion: This section of the GRE tests your vocabulary. You are required to fill blanks using the vocabulary words given. Sentence Completion is among the hardest sections of the GRE.

The structure of Sentence Completion: There are several types of Sentence Completion questions: Single blank, two blanks, three blanks. Single blank questions have a word dropped with five choices to choose from. Two blank questions, as the name suggests, leave two words dropped and for each word you have three choices to choose from. Finally, three blank questions, by the same token, have three words dropped out of the sentence and for each blank provide you with three choices. The trick here is that you shall get everything right in order to get a score. A single mistake is enough to lose your score, regardless of the number of the blanks.

Strategies on how to answer these questions: We, at Courses By Kevin London teach that the best way to answer GRE Sentence Completion questions is The best strategy in answering these questions is through looking up the keywords and phrases before and after each blank. Also, in many questions certain transitional words and phrases presented that make it easier to get a fuller picture of the sentence. Once, you have the gist of the sentence, you can go through the answer choices and pick the best one(s).

EXAMPLE QUESTIONS:

In stark contrast to his later (i)_________, Simpson was largely (ii)_________politics during his college years, despite the fact that the campus he attended was rife with political activity.

Blank (i)        Blank (ii)

A  activism   D  devoted to

B  apathy     E  indifferent to

C  affability   F  shaped by

Serling’s account of his employer’s reckless decision making (i)_________ that company’s image as (ii)_________ bureaucracy full of wary managers.

Blank (i)               Blank (ii)

A  belies              D  an injudicious

B  exposes          E  a disorganized

C  overshadows  F  a cautious

No other contemporary poet’s work has such a well-earned reputation for

(i)_________, and there are few whose moral vision is so imperiously unsparing. Of late, however, the almost belligerent demands of his severe and densely forbidding poetry have taken an improbable turn. This new collection is the poet’s fourth book in six years — an ample output even for poets of sunny disposition, let alone for one of such (ii)_________ over the previous 50 years. Yet for all his newfound (iii)_________, his poetry is as thorny as ever.

Blank (i)                               Blank (ii)                            Blank (iii)

A  patent accessibility          D  penitential  austerity     G  taciturnity

B  intrinsic frivolity               E  intractable prolixity      H  volubility

C  near impenetrability        F  impetuous prodigality    I  pellucidity

For some time now, _________ has been presumed not to exist: the cynical conviction that everybody has an angle is considered wisdom.

(A)  rationality

(B) flexibility

(C)  diffidence

(D)  disinterestedness

(E)  insincerity

GRE Sentence Equivalence Questions:

These questions plainly test your vocabulary. You are asked to find two choices that can each independently fit right into the sentence without creating ambiguity.
Strategies in answering Sentence Equivalence questions: There is no hard and fast rule in answering these questions, the best way to answer them is to brush up on your vocabulary. Feel free to

EXAMPLE QUESTIONS:

The government’s implementation of a new code of ethics appeared intended to shore up the ruling party’s standing with an increasingly _________ electorate at a time when the party is besieged by charges that it trades favors for campaign money.

(A)  aloof

(B)  placid

(C)  restive

(D)  skittish

(E)  tranquil

(F)  vociferous

Overlarge, uneven, and ultimately disappointing, the retrospective exhibition seems too much like special pleading for a forgotten painter of real but _________talents.

(A)  limited

(B)  partial

(C)  undiscovered

(D) circumscribed

(E)  prosaic

(F)  hidden


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